Skip to main content


What do you mean by CryoVolcano?

A cryovolcano (colloquially known as an ice volcano) erupts slurries of volatile compounds such as water or methane instead of lava. These substances are usually liquids and form plumes, but can also be in vapour form. After eruption, cryomagma condenses to a solid form when exposed to the very low surrounding temperature. Cryovolcanoes form on icy moons, and possibly on other low-temperature astronomical objects (e.g., Kuiper belt objects).
The energy required to melt ices and produce cryovolcanoes usually comes from tidal friction. It has also been suggested that translucent deposits of frozen materials could create a sub-surface greenhouse effect that would accumulate the required heat.
Ice volcanoes were first observed on Neptune's moon Triton during the Voyager 2 flyby in 1989.
On November 27, 2005 Cassini photographed geysers on the south pole of Enceladus.

Indirect evidence of cryovolcanic activity was later observed on several other icy moons of our Solar System, i…
Recent posts

How to Backup up hardware key

If you have a industrial software which uses hardware key to authenticate the license, then it is very difficult to run the software without the key dongle plugged in. Their is a chance that the key might be stolen as it looks just like pen drive. If the key dongle is stolen, then the software will not run and you have to buy another license key dongle if  you are not under service contract.

In this article I'll describe you with the method by which you can backup your hardware dongle to enable you to run the software without the key dongle plugged in.Note: All the steps has to be done while the dongle is plugged in and the application is running.

Step 1. Download Sentinel key reader Dumper.exe. This is used to dump the key file in the dongle which is otherwise impossible to read.

Note: This can only be used with Sentinel SuperPro/UltraPro keys. The best way to find whether your key is Sentinel is that when you run the application dumper.exe, it will not show the message as "Sa…

What is atomic clock?

Have you wondered how time works?  What do you mean by 1 sec?  How the duration of 1 sec is decided?
All these questions will be answered when you understand the atomic clock. World time is based upon a reference and that reference is the atomic clock. 

What is atomic clock An atomic clock is a clock device that uses an electronic transition frequency in the microwave, optical, or ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum of atoms as a frequency standard for its timekeeping element. i.e. locking an electronic oscillator to the frequency of an atomic transition. The transition is generally between hyperfine level which is a small shifts and splittings in the energy levels of atoms resulted from interaction between the magnetic moments associated with electron spin and the electrons' orbital angular momentum.

Elements used for atomic clock1. Cesium-133 2. Rubidium-87
Cesium atomic clockIt employ a beam of cesium atoms. The clock separates cesium atoms of different energy level…

Changes in Minimum wages rates w.e.f. Jan'2013 to present

If you are currently employed in Manufacturing industries/Construction companies who need general maintenance contracts for their jobs to be done, then its very important for them to have a knowledge of minimum wages to be paid to their labours and keep them self updated of the changes which happen periodically.
As of Central wage rate is concerned, it changes on April and October every year. with a gap of Six Months.

As of States are concerned, they have their own timing for the change but they also follow the same rule of center.
Right Now, as of center directives, every contract should have the price variation clause to enable the contractor to pay their labours as per minimum wage decided by government.This is called PVC clause.
Here I am giving you the links of Center and West Bengal Government circulars of minimum wage for a reference.

Center revision of Minimum Wage rate from April 2013 to March 2015 w.e.f  April'2013 to Sept'2013 w.e.f  Oct'2013 to March'2014w.…

How to make your own website without knowledge of HTML, PHP etc

Now a days People are quite engaged in online businesses and their are many firms particularly doing business in website designing and search engine optimization. But many are new in this business and don't have enough money to invest to get the services from these firms. Moreover they don't even know the coding to build a website for themselves.

They don't have to invest their hard earned money in these firms. If you have clear idea about how your website will look like in your mind, then you can use any of the web designing tools available in the market. I personally recommend LMSOFT Web Creator Pro 6.

One of the best thing about the software is that absolutely no programming is needed to build any page and indeed the page looks professional. I personally used the software to create my own website. Check it out at Go wireless Today.

 Some of the best features about the product is
Very simple interfaceCustom codes can be placed anywhere you wantPlacement of social plugins…

Wi-Fi SDHC Class 10 Memory Card

Have you heard of WiFi enabled SD card for your camera? No, Then for your knowledge I am going to share with you what I have found in the market which was not known to me earlier. Yes, This is true.  Wifi enabled SD cards are available in the market. I was using a camera which do not support WiFi connectivity, then I came to know about this product. This has made my camera to connect to any WiFi enabled devices like Smartphone, Laptop etc and transfer pictures and videos wirelessly. Some of the great feature about the product are:
Wirelessly transfer photos and video to a smartphone, tablet, or computerWireless connectivity: 802.11 b/g/nWireless range: 16 to 32 feetSupport: iOS (5.0+) and Android (2.2+); also supports Windows and OS X through a browserImage formats: JPG, BMP, PNG, RAWVideo formats: AVI, MOV, MP4, M2T, MTS, M2TSTurns mobile device into external monitor with Shoot and View modeStream to three devices at onceInstant upload and share to Facebook, e-mail, and other service…


There is yet another incidence of shoot to kill of civilians in the Kashmir valley two days ago. Two teenaged Kashmiri boys are dead, and two others are in hospital with critical injuries. Soldiers at a checkpoint fired at them without any warning.
The question arises here is Who gave them power to shoot to kill while patrolling in civilian areas without warning. The answer is simple. They will not do it without any background support and our own government is the supporter of killing (even civilian) in any disturbed areas. Government has protected all military personal from prosecution from such incidence by giving them AFSPA. The immunity that the Army gets under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act(AFSPA) gives it the impunity to use what should be the last option first. AFPSA allows soldiers to “fire upon or otherwise use force, even to the causing of death” against those violating the law; it also says “no prosecution, suit or other legal proceeding shall be instituted, except w…